One of the 75 districts in Nepal, Chitwan is a place that has been adorned with unmatched natural beauty. The name of this district is derived from Chitwan Valley, which lies between the Mahabharat and Siwalik ranges in the foothills of the Himalayas. Bharatpur, the fifth largest city of Nepal, is the most prominent part of this district. The name of Chitwan means 'Heart of the Jungle', comprising Sanskrit words chit (heart) and van (forest).
Royal Chitwan National Park, established in 1973, is the most popular tourist attraction of this place. It is home to many species of birds, crocodiles, rhinos, sloth bears and monkeys among others. Royal Chitwan National Park is the first protected area of Nepal and was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1984. There are a few forts and monuments in Chitwan, as well. Most popular among them are Upardanghari Fort, Kasara Durbar and Diyalo Bangla Palace.>
Bharatpur is the main shopping destination in Chitwan with several marketplaces dotting the city. There are few shops that sell honey, paintings and souvenirs in Royal Chitwan National Park. Happy House and Women's Community Shop are famous stores in Chitwan.
Nepali, Chinese and Continental dishes form an import part of the menu in the restaurants of Chitwan. The star attraction of the region- Royal Chitwan National Park features a good number of restaurants. Worth-visiting among them are KC's, Sweet Memory, Jungle View, River Sunset and Hamro Hotel.
Chitwan has a tropical monsoon climate with temperate summers, cold winters and heavy monsoons. The months between October and May are considered to be suitable for visiting Chitwan as the weather is favourable and less humid.
Chitwan is a beautiful place with scenic views, vast landscapes and some impressive heritage buildings. The Upardanghari Fort, built by Satrubanjan Shah, is a worth-visiting monument that lies on a hilltop. Kasara Durbar and Diyalo Bangala Palace are other archaeological structures in Chitwan that commands attention. Royal Chitwan National Park, the prime tourist attraction, offers an amazing variety of flora and fauna. Riding on an elephant and taking a tour of the park can be one of the most memorable experiences in Chitwan. Animals like one-horned Rhinoceros, wild boar, sloth bear, wild dog, bison and deer can be spotted in all their wilderness here. This National Park is also inhabited by no less than 450 species of birds, including woodpeckers, hornbills, Bengal florican, pintails and bareheaded geese. Elephant Breeding Centre, Bird Education Society and Tharu Cultural Museum are other tourist spots, located within the park.
By Road: Tourists can take a bus or a taxi to Chitwan from Kathmandu, Pokhara and Sunauli.
By Rail: Regular trains are available from various Indian cities to Gorakhpur, which is the nearest railhead to Chitwan. On reaching Gorakhpur, travellers can take a bus or a taxi to reach Chitwan.
By Air: The Bharatpur Airport in Chitwan is served by regular flights from Kathmandu and Pokhara. Some of the major cities that are connected with Kathmandu by air are New Delhi, Kolkata, Bangkok, Mumbai, Dubai and Hong Kong.
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