Adorned with pink sandstone palaces, majestic forts and verdant green gardens against a scenic backdrop of the Aravalli hills, Jaipur represents the charm of our rich past and the sophistication of a flourishing metropolis. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II founded the city in 1727, when he decided to shift his capital from Amer. A renowned architect, astronomer, and avid scientist, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II built his capital with geometric precision and made Jaipur one of the most well planned cities in India. Today, his architectural genius is on display in almost every part of the old city and especially at Jantar Mantar and Amer Fort.>
Shopping in Jaipur can be an exhilarating experience. With marketplaces or bazaars as old as the city itself, the old city thrives on the energy and exuberance of the shopkeepers and equally enthusiastic shoppers. Matching the vibrancy of these traditional markets are the new-generation, air-conditioned malls featuring a range of branded goods and other designer products.
Gem stone jewelry, of both precious and semi-precious stones, textiles featuring amazing designs including hand-block-prints, hand embroidered, and tie-and-dye designs, ornate rugs, and a wide range of crafts including blue pottery pieces await shoppers here.
Some of the most popular bazaars in the Old city that are worth a visit include Sireh Deori Bazaar, Johari Bazaar and Baapu Bazaar for textiles and crafts and Gopalji ka Raasta and Haldiyon ka Raasta for jewelry. In the new city, it is the M.I. Road that houses the big showrooms. Tourists can also visit the government-run Rajasthali at Ajmeri Gate, the Rajasthan Cottage Industries at Shilpgram Complex and the Rajasthan Small Scale Cottage Industries in Amer.
In 1728, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur married a princess of Udaipur�s Sisodia clan. The new queen was his second wife, and as a token of his love, the Maharaja built an exclusive palace with exquisitely designed gardens for her. Situated just outside the city, the verdant green lawns of the garden and the green of the surrounding hills are a pleasant change from the dry, desert look if Jaipur. This ornate complex is decorated with beautiful murals, paintings, and figurines of Lord Krishna in various phases of life and includes several panels of his playing with Radha. As with any other Rajput palace, the Sisodia Palace also features beautifully depicted scenes from battles.
Jaipur is sited in the eastern part of Rajasthan, with the majestic Aravalli hills overlooking and guarding the Pink City from the climatic rigors of the Thar Desert on the other side. Jaipur�s three forts � Amer, Nahargarh and Jaigarh are nestled among the folds of these ancient mountains.
Two major rivers � Banas and Banganga flow through the city; but in spite of these, water scarcity has become a severe urban problem and a majority of the population relies on ground water resources.
Due to its geographic location, Jaipur faces a semi-arid climate with just over 50 cm of annual rainfall during the monsoon months, between June and September.
Surface - Jaipur, being a major tourist destination and Rajasthan�s state capital is well connected to other parts of the state and to Delhi via a slew of highways and roads. Tourists traveling from Delhi can take the NH8 to Jaipur; Shahpura and Dharuhera are en-route. As it falls on the main highway connecting Delhi and Mumbai, the condition of the road is excellent and the traffic fast moving. There are several good dhabas and restaurants along the way as well. The same highway takes you through to other cities such as Ajmer, Udaipur, Ahmedabad, and Baroda.
The Rajasthan Tourism Department runs a regular bus service from Bikaner House and the ISBT terminals in Delhi. Fares vary depending upon the bus type and on whether it is air-conditioned or not. These buses will drop you at the Sindhi Camp Bus Stand, which is located within easy reach of many hotels. Other parts of the city can be accessed from the bus stand via readily available cycle-rickshaws, auto-rickshaws, buses, and taxis.
Train - Jaipur can be accessed from just about any corner of India via the Indian Railways Network. Regular train services connect Jaipur to major metros such as Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai as well as other major cities such as Agra, Ahmedabad, and Bangalore. Within Rajasthan, Jaipur is connected to Bikaner, Jodhpur, Udaipur, and many of the smaller towns and stations. Tourist special trains are also run from major metros such as Delhi and Mumbai.
The Jaipur railway station is located to the west of the Old City and is well connected to other parts of the city via taxis, auto-rickshaws, and cycle-rickshaws waiting outside the station.
Air - The Sanganer Airport serves as the single airport for domestic and international travelers to Jaipur. Direct flights connect Dubai, Bangkok, and Singapore to Jaipur; domestic flights to Jaipur regularly take off from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Bangalore, and Goa. Udaipur and Jodhpur are the other tourist destinations within Rajasthan that are connected to Jaipur via flights. Airlines servicing Jaipur include Air India, Jet Airways, Kingfisher Airlines, IndiGo, Spice Jet, and GoAir.
The Sanganer Airport is located just minutes from the city center and offers easy accessibility to the other parts of Jaipur via readily available taxis.
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