Located in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh, Ujjain is one of the seven sacred cities of India ? the 'Sapta Puri'. According to Hindu mythology, this city marks one of the four sites where the drops of nectar were accidentally dropped by Lord Garuda in his attempt to run away from the demons after the Samudra Manthan. In order to congregate this religiously significant event, a Kumbh Mela is celebrated here after every 12 years, which attracts millions of Hindu pilgrims from across the country. Further references to this city in the Atharva Veda and Skanda Purana reveal that it has been the hub of religious and spiritual activities for more than 2000 years. Besides, Ujjain also holds immense historical significance as it has been ruled by legendary dynasties like the Mauryas and Guptas. It is also renowned as the ancient seat of learning that has witnessed great scholars like Bhaskaracharya and Brahmagupta.
Presently, the place is most revered for the grand Mahakaleshwar Temple that enshrines one of the twelve Jyotirlingas in the country. There are several other historical, cultural and religious attractions in Ujjain that make it a must-visit place. A perfect blend of glorious tradition and modernity, this city, situated on the banks of River Shipra, offers several exploratory opportunities for tourists.
Ujjain boasts of multifarious stores that offer everything from handicrafts to ethnic clothing. There are various shops around the city that offer traditional artefacts, which are typical of the rich culture and tradition of Madhya Pradesh. These include items like bamboo articles, jewellery, pottery and tribal metal wares, which serve as perfect souvenirs. For idols of deities and other religious articles, tourists can explore the marketplaces around the temples.
Tourists visiting Ujjain can mostly savour vegetarian delicacies owing to the religious stature of the city. A must-eat for travellers is the local fare including dishes like mawa-bati, malpua, bhutte ki kees, bafla and khoprapak. Shree Ganga Restaurant, Zharokha Restaurant and Shivam Restaurant are a few recommended eating outlets where tourists can pamper their taste buds.
Ujjain is a treasure trove of religious attractions, such as the Mahakaleshwar Temple, Gopal Mandir, Sandipani Ashram, Navagraha Mandir and Kal Bhairav Temple, among others. Thus, the city is most frequented by Hindu pilgrims who want to pay homage to Lord Shiva and other residing deities of Ujjain. Events like Kumbh Mela, Kartik Mela and Maha Shivratri draw maximum devotees. There are several sightseeing options as well, including Bhartruhari Caves, Gomti Kund and Kalideh Palace, which mesmerise tourists with their grandeur.
The weather in Ujjain is characteristic of extremely hot summers and chilly winters accompanied by moderate rainfall. The best time to visit the city is from October to March as these months are favourable for outdoor activities.
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