Dominated by the mighty Brahmaputra River, the state of Assam is the gateway to the northeastern part of India. This beautiful land finds its reference in the great Hindu epic Mahabharata as "Pragiyotisha" and "Kamarupa" in the first millennium. Assam gets its name from the Ahom kingdom, which flourished from 1228 to 1826. It became a British province after 1838 and the Indian state after 1947 which came to be known as Assam. Endowed with lush greenery, Assam India is renowned for Assam tea, silk, petroleum resources and rich flora and fauna, the world famous one horned rhinoceros and other rare species of wildlife on the verge of extinction. The dense forests of Assam are home to numerous animals and birds and one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephants.
Tourism in Assam is essentially nature based; therefore, national parks, wild life sanctuaries, rivers, lakes, hot water springs and thick wooded forest and wildlife are the major components of tourist attractions in Assam. It is counted as one of the prime Eco tourism destinations in India. Eco tourism in Assam attracts a large number of nature lovers and animal lovers who love to see colourful wildlife in their natural habitat. There are five National Parks and eleven wildlife and bird sanctuaries for protection and preservation of wildlife in the state.
One of the world's largest rivers Brahmaputra and other turbulent rivers of Assam offer immense opportunities for adventure tourism in Assam. Tourists can indulge in many exciting water sports like swimming, diving, angling and fishing. More information regarding eco tourism, heritage tourism, tea tourism and adventure tourism in Assam can be obtained from the Assam tourism offices, which provide information booklet and Assam Tourism Guide at reasonable prices. Assam tourism Department also conducts numerous Assam sightseeing tours, and treks through out the year.
October to April is considered the best time to visit Assam as these winter months are quite pleasant and sunny.
Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Kamakhya Devi Temple, Nabagraha Temple, Umananda Temple, Basisthashram, Madan Kamdev, Haflong Poa-Mecca, Da-Parbatia, Agnigarh are the major tourist attractions in Assam. There are many popular Assam travel destination circuits like Guwahati-Shillong-Guwahati, Guwahati-Kaziranga-Guwahati, Guwahati-Sibsagar-Jorhat-Majuli-Guwahati, Guwahati-Manas-Guwahati etc.
Travel to Assam by Air: The Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport of Guwahati is well connected by air to most of the metros in the country. Jet Airways, Indigo airlines, spice jet, Kingfisher red, and Jetlite airlines connect Guwahati to Delhi, Kolkata, and the major cities of India.
Travel to Assam by Rail: A convenient Indian Railways network runs through out the state connecting major Indian cities with Assam. There are train services from Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin and Trivandrum.
Travel to Assam by Road: A good network of National Highways and other roads connect Assam to all prime cities of India.
All the cities and towns of Assam are well connected by the Assam State Transport Corporation and other tourist bus services run by private operators. These buses also ply to the capital cities of the neighboring states. Assam tourism department has a fleet of deluxe and luxury buses and jeeps, which are available for, hire at reasonable prices. Private taxis and auto rickshaws are perfect for moving over short distance with in the cities.
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