The beautiful state of Maharashtra is situated the north centre of Indian peninsula is bordered by the states of Karnataka, Goa, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. The western cost of the state is splashed by the vast Arabian Sea. Maharashtra literally means the "Great State" or "Great Nation". The name is believed to have been originated perhaps from the word Rathi, which means "Chariot driver" and "builders of chariot" who were called as "Maharathis" or "Fighting Force". Known for its amazing natural beauty and rich cultural heritage, Maharashtra is one of the most industrialized states of India. Some of the prime cities of Maharashtra include Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Nashik, Shirdi, and Kolhapur.
Maharashtra is one of the most sought after tourist destinations in India. Maharashtra tourism offers almost everything from its pristine beaches, wildlife sanctuaries, hill stations, natural caves, waterfalls, to imposing forts, colourful festivals, ancient pilgrimage shrines, museums, and historical monuments that draw large number of travellers. Tourism in Maharashtra is one of the fastest growing industries, which brings a lot of foreign exchange and has led to the generation of employment in the state. In order to increase the influx of domestic and international tourists, Maharashtra tourism came up with aggressive promotion campaigns and strategies. The department launched its "Maharashtra Unlimited" campaign in domestic and overseas market to create awareness about tourism in Maharashtra and to popularize Maharashtra travel destinations. Maharashtra tourism is also developing infrastructure like hotels, transport at major tourist destinations and has identified several new Maharashtra tourism circuits and special tourism areas, which would be given priority in tourism related infrastructure development.
Apart from this, Maharashtra Tourism also plans to focus on various other innovative areas such as Bollywood tourism, Eco Tourism, Wildlife tourism, Wine tourism, Agro Tourism, and special entertainment zone. For the convenience of tourists, Maharashtra tourism has opened tourist information centers at all popular destination, which provide travel information about various tourist spots in Maharashtra and offer travel maps, Maharashtra tourism guides and travel books at affordable prices. Tourists can also get complete Maharashtra travel information at the official website of Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation.
October to June is the ideal time to visit Maharashtra as during these months the state enjoys a cool and invigorating weather.
Maharashtra is dotted with numerous forts, caves, beaches, religious sites, hill stations, historical monuments and buildings. Some of the prime tourist attractions in Maharashtra include Mumbai, Bhandardara, Elephanta, Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad, Ellore Caves, Ganapati phule, and Shirdi. Matheran, Mahabaleshwar, Nashik, Khandala, Lonavala, and Pune are other famous Maharashtra's travel destinations.
Travel to Maharashtra by Air: Mumbai, the capital city has two airports, one international (Sahara International Airport) and Santa Cruz domestic airport. All leading domestic and international airlines operate regular flights to and from Mumbai. Other major domestic airports in Maharashtra are located at Pune, Aurangabad, Nagpur, Kolhapur and, Sholapur.
Travel to Maharashtra by Rail: Mumbai is the major railway junction of Maharashtra, which is served by many important trains that link the city to other cities of India. There are also major Railway Stations in or close by the tourist destinations.
Travel to Maharashtra by Road: Maharashtra has an excellent road network. A number of national highways and state highways connect all major cities of Maharashtra to other parts of the country.
Maharashtra Transport as well as private buses run throughout the length and breadth of the state. Taxis, semi deluxe buses, and auto rickshaws are the best mode of transport for covering shorter distances. Another important means of transport in Maharashtra are the passenger trains, which connect all major cities of Maharashtra. Besides this, some of the cities in Maharashtra, like Mumbai, have their own suburban railway network, through which people can move from one locality to the other.