Airports within the country or domestic airports operate international flights, i.e., flights to foreign countries, frequently. Furthermore, some domestic airports lack customs and immigration facilities, which is why they do not operate flights to or from other countries. These airports have small runways and sometimes a single runway, and possess limited facilities. Domestic international airports are equipped with all the facilities required for international operations and provide several amenities for the passengers convenience.
Domestic Airport Trivia
Many domestic airports have gained significance in aspects such as the facilities that they are equipped with and the awards that they have received. Juhu Aerodrome in Mumbai started service in 1928 as the first Indian civilian airport. The Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi is the busiest airport in India, with a passenger traffic of over 57 million handled during 2016-17. In 2016, it won the award of the world’s second-best airport and is among the most awarded airports in India. Also, the IGI airport has 3 runways with one of them being the longest in India, with length 4430 meters. The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad was ranked 1st in the world in Airport Service Quality and is the biggest airport in India in terms of area. Being a blend of ancient and modern architecture, the has won the award of Best Airport in India and Central Asia at the Skytrax Awards in 2016, among other honor.
Domestic Airport Facilities & Services
Domestic airports offer a wide range of facilities and services for the benefit and comfort of travelers. There are VIP lounges and other areas in airports where you can sit back and relax with a cup of coffee or tea as you watch TV or browse the Internet using the free Wi-Fi facility. Some airports have spa facilities and shower and massage lounges for the passengers to rejuvenate after long and tiring flights. Shopping outlets, food stalls, and restaurants among other things make the airports a destination within themselves.
Facilities for the ease of the passengers include escalators, elevators, baggage trolleys, tourist information counters, money exchange counters, ATMs, and banks. Additionally, there are baby-care rooms, wheelchairs and assistance to the physically disabled, smoking rooms, and shower rooms in some well-equipped domestic airports.
Commercial facilities at airports include duty-free shops, book stalls, and restaurants. Apart from the civilian facilities, some airports provide cargo facilities and military services. Many cargo airlines operate from the domestic airports to different destinations. There are civil enclaves allotted to armed forces and are used for military flight training. The airports at Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, etc. provide VIP and royal concierge services. These services include escort help and assistance through immigration and customs, counters for express check-in and dedicated check-in, and other support.
Major Infrastructure of the Airports
Airports are divided into 2 regions- landside area and airside area. The landside area includes parking lots, check-ins, and roadways and the airside area includes the airport apron, runways, taxiways, hangars, etc. The airside area is accessible to authorized persons and the passengers, only after going through a security check.
An IATA code or location identifier is a 3-letter code that designates an airport and is assigned by the International Air Transport Association.
Air Traffic Control (ATC) is a service provided by air controllers from ground-based stations for an orderly flow of air traffic. Advisory services are provided when ATC is not necessary or not available for a reason.
Aerodromes are locations from where aircraft operations take place.
The Ground Crew are people responsible for maintaining aircraft on the ground.
ICAO codes or location indicators are codes assigned by the International Civil Aviation Organization and used for ATC and other operations.