South Goa is a popular holiday spot in India for people from around the globe. It is one of the two districts, the other being North Goa, which form the state of Goa. The place is revered for its spectacular beaches, scenic beauty, sumptuous food and cosmopolitan culture. The history of this place dates back to the 3rd Century BC, when it was ruled by the Mauryas. Subsequently, it came under the control of the Satvahanas, Bhojas, Chalukyas and Silharas. However, it is the reign of the Portuguese, who ruled here for around 450 years, which has left a deep impact on the culture, tradition and lifestyle of this place. Vasco da Gama and Margao are the two most popular cities in the district. Tourists can indulge in numerous activities here; be it sightseeing or adventure sports. The various monuments and churches dotted around the area are a depiction of the kingdoms and colonies that have ruled here. People of South Goa celebrate many festivals and fairs, such as Sao Joao, Feast of St. Francis Xavier, Carnival, Shigmo and Ganesh Chaturthi, with great zeal and vigour.