Ahmedabad has a rich and varied history. The region was under the rule of the Solanki dynasty, around the eleventh century. The Gujarat Sultanate, under the rule of Ahmed Shah I, announced Ahmedabad as its capital on 4th March, 1411. Under the rule of the Sultanate, the city prospered but later declined, which lead to the transfer of the capital to Champaner. For the next 135 years, the city was under the Mughal Empire. Political instability had lead the city to be ruled under the joint rule of the Marathas and Mughals. From 1818 to 1857, the British East India Company established their rule in the city, followed by the British Raj from 1857 to 1947. Ahmedabad had a major role in the Indian Independence Movement, where freedom fighters such as Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel served the city. After independence, the city was under Bombay State, followed by the formation of Gujarat as a state in 1960. Ahmedabad served as a capital of the state for a few years, before the establishment of Gandhinagar as the capital in the 1970s.
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