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About Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves

Rising abruptly between a wide stretch of dry lateritic soil, the twin hills of Udaygiri (Hill of Sunrise) and Khandagiri (Broken Hill) are separated from each other by a narrow lane through which passes a modern-day road between Bhubaneswar and Chandaka. The hills enjoy a unique position in history because they are spotted with rock cut architecture denoting the art and religion of yester years. Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves in Bhubaneshwar are partially natural and partly artificial caves. They have 18 caves and 15 caves, respectively. These caves are ornately carved. It is said that during the reign of King Kharavela, most of these caves were carved out as residential blocks for Jain monks. The caves of Udaygiri and Khandagiri have inscriptions, called lena. These caves are dwelling retreats of the Jain recluses. Each of the caves opens directly into the verandah in front. These caves are excavated near the top of the ledge and thus provide dry shelter for meditation and prayer. The height of the caves makes it difficult for a person to even stand erect.

Historical Context: Udayagiri means 'Sunrise Hill' and has 18 caves while Khandagiri has 15 caves.

Highlights

  • Best Time to Visit Morning, Afternoon, Evening
  • Facilities Food Stalls Washroom, Lockers
  • Recommended Hours Min. 2 hours
  • Best Visited With Group, Solo, Couple, Family
  • Not Allowed Footwear
  • Allowed Camera, Video

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