One of the earliest mentions of Bhubaneswar in the chapters of history was in 3rd century B.C., when the Kalinga war was fought. Emperor Kharavela established the capital of Sisupalgarh, on the outskirts of Bhubaneswar. During his rule, many temples were built, representing the entire spectrum of Kalinga architecture. Jainism as a religion flourished in his period and the Hathigumpha inscriptions at the Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves serves testimony to that. However, after 5th century and till 12th century, other forms of religion like Shaivism and Vaishnavism rose in the city and the city saw many carvings, sculptures and artistic masterpieces. By the 15th century, the Mughals captured Bhubaneswar and then the city passed on to the hands of the mighty Marathas in 18th century. Later, the British captured the city and some administrative changes were made. Finally, after India got independence in 1947, the modern city of Bhubaneswar with wide roads, parks and gardens was designed in 1948 by the German architect Otto Königsberger.
Take a Look
Bhubaneswar’s ancient culture has been enriched by various languages, religion, art and craft, and folk dances.
Explore these stunning temples of Bhubaneswar during your trip to admire the city’s ancient heritage.
Bhubaneshwar offers ancient temples and beautiful beaches for a honeymoon
Holiday Offers and Discounts
Frequently Asked Questions