Bidar was once a part of the great Mauryan Empire. The recorded history of this ancient city traces back to the third century B.C. It was later ruled by various ancient royal dynasties such as Kadambas, Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, and Hyderabad Nizams. Sultan Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah, the first Sultan of Bahamani Dynasty, shifted his capital to Bidar from Gulbarga and continued ruling from Bidar until the extinction of their kingdom, in 1424. \n\nMost of Bidar’s monuments were built during the Bahmani rule. Traditional tales also cite that Vidura – half-brother to King Dhritarashtra - lived here and hence Bidar was formerly known as Viduranagar. Other stories reveal that Bidar was the place where princess Damayanti and Nala, the king of Vidharba would meet. Recently, the ancient Karez System for water supply to the city was discovered. It was a network of more than 3 km long canals with 21 air vents, which was built to connect underground water streams. This system was used to provide drinking water to the Bidar fort and the civilians’ settlements. As the soil in Bidar area is rocky which makes drilling wells difficult, this system of underground water canal network was essential.
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