Ahmedabad, the pre-eminent capital of Gujarat was flooded with Hindu refugees from Pakistan in 1947. Having been ruled by Bhil, Solankis, Vaghelas, Ahmed Shah, Mughals, Marathas and Britishers, it had a history of 900 years. Famous for textiles over the centuries, this place was lined with classical and colonial buildings. After Indian independence, it had also become a centre for higher education, science and technology. \n\nThere was no space to accommodate the huge infrastructural requirements of a capital city for a newly formed state in 1960 when the erstwhile Bombay Presidency was split into Maharashtra and Gujarat. Hence, the city of Gandhinagar was envisaged 23km north of Ahmedabad.\n\nIt was built on land which was once part of the Pethapur state in the 13th century, later converted into a battleground by the Sultanate of Patan. Its Chief Architect H.K. Mewada and his assistant Prakash M Apte had worked as trainees under the legendary architect Le Corbusier in the Chandigarh Project in the 1950s.\nIn the late 1970s, the capital was shifted to this newly built, well-planned city.
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