The history of Goa can be traced back to many thousands of years. The rock art engravings found here are proof of the earliest traces of human life in India. The Indo-Aryans and Dravidians intermingled with the aboriginal locals, forming the base of Goan culture. In the 3rd century B.C., Goa came under Maurya Empire and was ruled by the Buddhist emperor, Asoka. This paved the way for the growth of Buddhism in Goa. The kingdom was ruled by several kings over the centuries. It was the Kadamba Kings who patronised Jainism in Goa. In 1510, the Portuguese overthrew the ruling Bijapur Sultan and colonised the kingdom. Their rule lasted for 450 years. After independence from the British Rule, the Indian Army began military operations in Goa, leading to its annexation to the Indian union, in 1961.
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