The history of Hyderabad dates back to 500 BCE, according to archaeologists. In the third century BCE, it was ruled by Ashoka the Great, of the Mauryan empire. After his death, the area was ruled by the Sātavāhanas, who belonged to Andhra Pradesh. Their reign was followed by the Ikshvaku dynasty of Andhra. After the rule of various Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms, the area was governed by the Kalyani branch of the Chalukya kings, followed by Kakatiya dynasty, who set up their kingdom in Warangal, near Hyderabad. In 1321 AD, Warangal was conquered by Muhammad bin Tughluq, from the Delhi Sultanate. For the next few decades, there were frequent feuds between the Bahmani Sultanate and Vijayanagara Rayas, for the control of the region. The area fell into the hands of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, in 1589. Hyderabad is believed to be named after Haidar, son of Quli Qutb Shah. For a brief period, the city was ruled by Mughals, under Aurangzeb. After the fall of the Mughals, the city came under the Asaf Jahis, till a year after Independence of India. The Nizam wanted his kingdom to remain independent before finally surrendering to the Indian Union. For a few years, Hyderabad was a separate state, before merging with the newly created Andhra Pradesh and became its capital. On 2nd June 2014, after the separation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh, it became the capital of Telangana and remains as de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
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