Jaipur was founded in the year 1727, by a Kachwaha Rajput, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Before shifting his capital to Jaipur, he ruled from Amber, 11 kilometres from the city. His reign lasted from 1688 to 1743 and he fought battles with the Marathas several times. To protect the city, he sought the advice of Vidyadhar Chakravarty, who planned the layout of the city based on the principles of ancient ‘Vastu Shastra’ and ‘Shilpa Shastra’. Later, huge forts and gates were added for security. During that time, the city became well-known for its architecture throughout the sub-continent. In 1878, the Prince of Wales visited Jaipur and the entire city was painted pink to welcome him. This led to the city being called as ‘Pink City’. In the 19th century, the city experienced rapid growth and became more prosperous. Several hospitals as well as industries such as marbles and metals were started. Under the reign of Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II, colleges and schools were also established. Jaipur was a princely state under the British and acceded to the Union of India in 1949, after independence. It was then named as the capital of the state of Rajasthan.
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Chandpole Bazar is renowned for its traditional handicrafts and exotic handloom, showcasing the opulent culture of Jaipur.
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