Jaisalmer was ruled by Bhati Rajputs in the 9th century. The Rathore clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner were their major opponents. The region experienced frequent battles between the clans. In the 12th century, the throne was passed to Rawal Jaisal, who named the fort after himself. In 1294, Turkic ruler Alauddin Khilji marched his army upon Jaisalmer. The Bhatis protected the fort for 8 years. When they were on the verge of defeat, a rite called ‘jauhar’ was performed where 24,000 women killed themselves on a funeral pyre. In the 14th century, Firuz Shah Tughluq of Delhi besieged Jaisalmer. In the 15th century, the Bhatis reoccupied the place again and continued to rule. During the Mughal era, Rawal Lunakarn fought with Mughal emperor Humayun. After the collapse of the Mughal empire in the 18th century, Jaisalmer was under the Marathas before becoming a princely state under the British, after the third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818. After the independence of India, Jaisalmer acceded to the union of India, on May 15th, 1949. Following the partition of India, trade routes to Pakistan were reduced. The establishing of the border gave a strategic importance to the place and it serves as a major army base.
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Here are the festivals that will offer you an immersive cultural experience in the golden city of Jaisalmer!
If you wish to explore the cultural richness of Jaisalmer, find out all about its beautiful handicraft and folk art scene.
Explore the heritage and culture of the golden city of Jaisalmer through its ‘living’ Fort.
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