The history of Jalandhar dates back to the time of the Mahabharata. It is believed to have been named after a demon king named ‘Jalandhar’. Another theory states that it was the capital of the kingdom of Luv, son of Lord Rama. It is also said that the city dervies its name from the word ‘Jalandhar’, which translates to ‘the area inside water’, referring to the rivers of Beas and Sutlej. Under the rule of the Katoch dynasty, it was called as ‘Trigartta’. Jalandhar was also a part of the Indus Valley civilization, according to the archaeological explorations in recent years. \nAccording to modern history, the district of Jalandhar was the place where the Khilafat Movement was started in early 1920s, in order to pressurize the British to change their policy towards Turkey. Mahatma Gandhi supported this movement. Under the Seditious Meetings Act, Jalandhar District was declared as 'proclaimed area'. After the independence of India, communal riots affected the district. This led to the exodus of minority communities from both India as well as Pakistan, as a consequence of the partition of the country.
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