Jaunpur, formally called Sheeraz-e-Hind, was established in 1359. Feroz Shah Tughlaq, the Sultan of Delhi, founded the city to honour Muhammad bin Tughlaq, his cousin, who was born Jauna Khan. Feroz Shah Tughlaq appointed the eunuch, Malik Sarwar, who was believed to have been the lover of his daughter, the governor of the Jaunpur region in 1388. To put an end to the unrest in the Sultanate, Malik Sarwar and his adopted son, Mubarak Shah, founded the Sharqi dynasty. Jaunpur developed into a strong military force during this time, and the Delhi Sultanate was often threatened by this power. The Sharqi dynasty reached its peak under the reign of Mubarak Shah’s younger brother, Shams-Ud-Din Ibrahim Shah. \n\nHis kingdom spanned from Bihar in the east to Kanauj in the west, and he ruled between 1402 and 1440. Shams-Ud-din Ibrahim Shah attacked the Delhi Sultanate and the Sultanate of Bengal during his time. After Ibrahim Shah’s death, his son, Mahmud Shah ascended the throne, and his reign lasted from 1440 to 1452. Muhammad Shah, the son of Mahmud Shah, took over as the ruler of Jaunpur, but after he had killed his brother Hasan, his younger brother, Hussain Shah killed him in retribution. Hussain Shah ruled from 1456 to 1476. As Hussain had a massive army, he led three assaults on Delhi but was defeated each time. The Delhi Sultanate under Sikander Lodi finally conquered Jaunpur in 1493, bringing an end to the Jaunpur Sultanate. Under British rule, Jaunpur was absorbed by the empire and remained a part of it until India became an independent nation.
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