The city of Jhansi was once called Balwant Nagar and was a stronghold of the Chandela Dynasty. This changed in the 11th century, and Jhansi faded into the background, until the 17th century when Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha, who was on good terms with Emperor Jehangir of the Mughal Dynasty, constructed the Jhansi Fort in 1613. His son, Jujhar Singh, ascended the throne upon his death in 1627. However, he attempted to break away from the Mughal Dynasty, which resulted in an invasion of his lands by the young prince, Aurangzeb. Jhansi eventually fell under the dominion of Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundela of Panna. \n\nAfter Mohammed Khan Bangash attacked his kingdom in 1729, he gifted some of his lands, which included Jhansi, to Peshwa Baji Rao, who helped defend his country. Naroshanker was named the governor of Jhansi in 1742. Naroshanker was responsible for extending the Jhansi fort, and the extension was called Shankergarh. He was recalled by Peshwa Bhaji Rao in 1757 and replaced by Madhav Govind Kakirde, who was then replaced by Babulal Kanahai. Vishwas Rao Laxman was next in line and took over in 1766 followed by Raghunath Rao Newalkar in 1769. Newalkar proved to be a capable administrator and significantly increased the revenue of Jhansi. He constructed the Mahalaxmi and Raghunath temples. In addition to these, he even built a beautiful home for himself and named it Rani Mahal. Raghunath Rao eventually passed on the responsibility to his brother, Shiv Rao Hari in 1796. The Maratha Dynasty signed a treaty with the East India Company in 1803. \n\nAfter years of mismanagement, the British installed Gangadhar Rao as the ruler of Jhansi. Raja Gangadhar Rao married Manikarnika, better known as Laxmi Bai in 1842. She rebelled against the British in 1857 but died in 1858. The British government appointed Jivaji Rao Scindia as the next ruler of Jhansi in 1861, and the city became a part of the state of Gwalior. After India had gained independence from the British, Jhansi became a part of Uttar Pradesh.
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