The history of Jodhpur dates back to the Hindu epic Ramayana, according to which the original inhabitants of the place were Ahirs. Later, the Aryans also spread to the region. Until 1100 CE, Jodhpur was a part of the Gurjara–Pratihara empire. The city was founded by a Rathore Rajput named Rao Jodha, in 1459. He conquered the territory and built a state known as Marwar. His hometown of Mandore served as the capital, before he shifted the capital to Jodhpur. Under the Mughal empire, the state owed fealty to the Mughal kings, exposing Jodhpur to new architectural styles. Aurangzeb sequestrated the state briefly, but Veer Durgadas Rathore restored the throne to its rightful owner, Maharaja Ajit Singh. After the Mughal empire declined, Marwar experienced conflict. The Marathas helped the state by overthrowing the feudal Mughal lords. It remained as a princely state under the British and joined the Union of India after independence, under the persuasion of Sardar Patel. In 1956, Jodhpur was made part of Rajasthan.
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