While rock paintings from the Palaeolithic era can be found in the district of Kurnool, the history of the town of Kurnool was relatively unknown until the 11th century. It was once ruled by the Cholas and later taken over by the Kakatiya dynasty in the 12th and 13th centuries. Kurnool developed into a transit point on the southern banks of the Tungabhadra River. \n\nIt eventually fell under the rule of a jaghirdar before becoming a part of the Vijayanagar dynasty. King Achyuta Raya constructed the Kurnool Fort during the 16th century. The Abyssinian, Abdul Wahab Khan, defeated King Gopal Raja of the Vijayanagar Kingdom in the 17th century and went on to rule the land for 16 years until his death. \n\nIn 1686, Kurnool fell under the influence of the Mughals who were ruled by Emperor Aurangzeb. Later on in Kurnool’s history, it was ruled by the Nawabs until the British Government took over in 1839. Kurnool was the capital of Andhra Pradesh between 1953 and 1956 until the modern day Telangana region was joined with the Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad was then made the state’s capital. After Andhra Pradesh once again became a separate state from Telangana, Kurnool remained a part of Andhra Pradesh.
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