The history of Lucknow dates back to the 14th century. The city was a part of the Awadh region, which was ruled by the Sharqi Sultanate of Jaunpur from 1394 to 1478. Around 1555, it became a part of the Mughal Empire, whose ruler was Humayun. His grandson Jahangir granted an estate in Awadh to a nobleman named Sheikh Abdul Rahim, who built Machchi Bhawan. His descendants we called Sheikhzadas and they controlled the region at that time. After the rule of the third Nawab of Awadh, Lucknow became the capital. It was during that time, the city became the cultural capital of North India. The Nawabs became known for their extravagant lifestyles and their love for arts. Music and dance flourished and several monuments were constructed, including the the Chota Imambara, Bara Imambara and the Rumi Darwaza.\n\nBy the early 19th century, the British East India Company gained control of the region. In 1856, Nawab Wajid Ali Shah was imprisoned by the British and then exiled to Calcutta. During the rebellion of 1857, the rebels seized control of the area, but the British regained control after 18 months. Lucknow was the base of the Khilafat Movement, opposing the British rule. In 1901, Lucknow was merged with United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. In 1920, the provincial seat of government was moved to Lucknow from Allahabad. After Independence, the United Provinces was renamed as Uttar Pradesh and Lucknow became the capital.
Take a Look
Cosy homestays in Lucknow close to the railway station and other points of sightsee.
From stunning embroidery to terracotta jewellery, Lucknow handicrafts are meant for all tastes and budgets.
The City of Nawabs is popular not only for its architecture and history, but also for the treasures hidden in its many local bazaars.
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