The name ‘Ludhiana’ is derived from the Lodhi dynasty who founded the city in 1480. The area was also a part of the Sarkar of Sirhind, during the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar. The western area of the district was leased to the Rais of Raikot, who became semi-independent from Mughals during the 18th century. From 1707-1835, the district remained independent and was under the rule of Sikh Chieftains. Ahmad Shah Durrani invaded Ludhiana and fought the imperial army near Khanna, but the Mughals were able to stop him, in 1747. However, his successive invasions weakened the Mughals, who allowed the Rais to control the town in 1760.\n\nDuring the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Ludhiana became an important cantonment for the British. Ranjit Singh occupied Ludhiana in 1805. However, the British curbed his advance and sent troops to confront him in 1809. He was made to sign the treaty of 'perpetual friendship' with the British, confining his rule to the right bank of the river Sutlej. British troops stationed permanently in Ludhiana and the Cis-Sutlej states were under the British. In 1947, there was violence and strife between the communities due to partition. Hence, most of the Muslim population left for Pakistan.
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