The history of Madurai dates back to the 3rd century BCE, when Megasthenes is believed to have visited the city. He referred to the city as ‘Methora’. According to Sangam literature, Madurai was the capital of the Pandyan dynasty. Roman historians Pliny the Younger, Ptolemy and Greek geographer Strabo had also mentioned Madurai in their works.\n\nAfter the Sangam age, Madurai came under the rule of the Kalabhra dynasty, which was overthrown by the Pandyas around 590 CE, who were then overthrown by the Chola dynasty in early 9th century. Later, it came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate, out of which the Madurai Sultanate was separated and ran as an independent kingdom. In 1378 CE, the Vijayanagara empire annexed the city. In 1559 CE, it became independent from the empire and came under the Nayaks. Later, it was captured by Chanda Sahib Arcot Nawab and Muhammed Yusuf Khan. In 1801, the British East India Company took over the area. During the freedom struggle, Mahatma Gandhi first adopted the loin cloth as his attire, in Madurai.
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There are many wildlife sanctuaries in the vicinity of Madurai. Here are ideas to plan an exciting day trip.
Madurai is a foodie’s delight, from tiered dosas, bone-marrow omelette, to chocolate-flavoured idlis, you will be in for a surprise.
What is a holiday without some self-indulgence? Plan a South India tour and make it a shopping excursion.
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