Mathura city is mentioned in the oldest epic, the Ramayana. It was first known as Madhuvan because of its thick and dense forests then came to be known as Madhupura and later Mathura. The region was later ruled by the Mauryan Empire and then the Shunga dynasty. It then went back to local rule before being dominated by the Indo-Scythians in the First Century BCE. \n\nIn 634 CE, it was visited by Xuanzang who mentioned that it contained five Brahmanical temples and 20 Buddhist monasteries. In 1018 Mahmud of Ghazni ransacked the city and destroyed many of the temples. This was continued by Sikandar Lodhi who reigned over the region from 1489 to 1517. In 1804, the city was taken over by the British till Independence. Because of its rich history as the birthplace of Lord Krishna and the place where he won over the evil King Kansa, Mathura symbolizes the victory of good over evil.
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