Mumbai stands on what once was an archipelago of seven islands: Bombay Island, Parel, Colaba, Mazagaon, Worli, Mahim and Little Colaba. No one knows exactly when these islands were first inhabited. They came under the control of the Buddhist Mauryan Empire and the Hindu Satavahana, Shaka and Rashtrakuta dynasties. The Chalukyas built the glorious cave temples on Elephanta Island. In the thirteenth century, the Yadava rulers made a settlement at Mahim, which was later captured by the Muslim ruler of Gujarat in 1348. \n\nIn 1498, the Portuguese reached the western shores. They finally forced Bahadur Shah (sultan of Gujarat), to surrender Mumbai in 1534. The Portuguese then gave up these islands as part of the dowry in the wedding of Catherine of Braganza to England’s Charles II in 1661. In 1668, the islands were rented out by the British East India Company for just ten pounds a year. Soon, realizing Mumbai’s potential as a harbour, the Company began to strengthen the coastal defences and shifted its administrative headquarters to Mumbai. Political stability, the hope of religious freedom and numerous opportunities soon attracted a large number of settlers and merchants. These, and the later immigrants, added considerably to the growth of Mumbai as a key trading centre.
Take a Look
Do the unusual on your visit to Mumbai! Visit the Nehru Planetarium for a fun and interesting time in the city with your family.
A tour of various historical places in Mumbai will give you a deep insight into the rich heritage of this contemporary city.
Take a sneak peek at these best places to celebrate your new year's eve in India.
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