The history of Muzaffarpur dates back to the Ramayana. According to legends, Muzaffarpur fell under the kingdom of Videha, which was ruled by Sita’s father, King Janaka. Sitamarhi, a town in this region, is believed to be the birthplace of Sita. Around 500 BC, the region was a part of the Vajji Republic, which was a confederation of eight clans. The most powerful among these clans were the Licchavis, and even the great kingdom of Magadha sought out marriage alliances with the Licchavis. The Magadha king, Ajatashatru established the city of Pataliputra and constructed a fortress so as to keep watch over the Licchavis on the other side of the river. \nMuzaffarpur was under the control of Harsha Vardhan until the rise of the Pala Empire during the middle of 1600 AD. In 1019 AD, the Chedi kings of Central India ruled over this region until the Sena dynasty replaced them in the 11th century. The ruler of Bengal, Ghias-ud-din Iwaz, invaded the region between 1210 & 1226 but did not succeed in conquering the kingdom. In 1323, Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq was able to establish control over the region and handed it over to Kameshwar Thakur to manage. Towards the end of the 14th century, the entire area of North Bihar was passed on to the Rajahs of Jaunpur and remained under their control for nearly a century until they were defeated by Sikandar Lodi of Delhi. The region eventually became a part of the mighty Mughal Empire. The Battle of Buxar in 1764 resulted in Muzaffarpur falling under the control of the East India Company.
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