The history of Delhi is said to be as old as 3000 BC. Indraprastha, the capital of the kingdom of the Pandavas from the Hindu epic Mahabharata, is believed to be located in the region. From the 8th century to the 16th century, Delhi was ruled by the Tomar dynasty, who founded Lal Kot in 736. In 1180, the city was conquered by the Chauhan kings in 1180, who renamed it as Qila Rai Pithora. King Prithviraj Chuahan was defeated by Mohammad Ghori in 1192. From 1206, the kingdom of Delhi Sultanate made Delhi as their capital. Sultan Qutb-ud-din established Qutub Minar, which is now a popular monument in Delhi. Later, the city was conquered by several dynasties such as the Khilji dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty, the Tughluq dynasty and the Lodi dynasty. Timur Lang invaded India in 1938 and ransacked the city of Delhi. In 1526, Mughal emperor Babur founded the Mughal dynasty, following the First Battle of Panipat. In the mid-16th century, Sher Shah Suri defeated Babur’s son Humayun and built the Purana Qila. Emperor Shah Jahan conquered the city in the 17th century and then Delhi was named as Shahjahanbad. Red Fort and Jama Masjid were established during this period. The city was attacked by Marathas and later by the Persian kings. Marathas recaptured Delhi in the 18th century, but were later defeated by the British East India company, in 1803. The British made it their capital in 1911. After independence, the Government of India declared Delhi as the capital in 1949.
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