The literal meaning of ‘Panchkula’ translates to ‘five irrigation canals’. The history of Panchkula dates back to ancient times, but the district came into existence in the 20th century. The region was under Kushan rulers, based on a recent discovery of Kushan bricks near Amabala district, in Haryana. Historical silver coins found in the region suggest that it was a part of the Gupta dynasty. In the 7th and 8th century, the area was under the rulers of Kashmir. Medieval history suggests that it was acquired by the Chauhan dynasty of Delhi, in the 12th century. The defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan by Mohammad Ghori in 1192 AD established Muslim rule in the area, followed by the rule of Delhi Sultanate. The area was ruled by several other dynasties such as the Mughals and the Marathas, before the rule of the British. After independence and separation of Haryana and Punjab, the district of Panchkula was established in 1995.
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