In ancient times Ranchi was ruled by the Munda Rajas and the old Ram Temple was their royal palace. During the reign of Asoka (273-232 BC), it came under the Magadha Empire but was later on the Mauryan Empire dug its hands in and after its decline, the Kharavels of Kalinga entered the scene after which the Guptas took the reins. King Phanimukut founder of the Nag Dynasty established the Kingdom of Chotanagpur. The native tribal people i.e. the Munda and Oraon tribes ruled here too. The Mughals took over after Akbar’s succession to the throne of Delhi. After Akbar’s demise in 1605, the region came under a tribal king, Durian Sal. However, a few years later, Jehangir of the Mughal dynasty regained control.\n\nIn 1772, the East India Company established its rule here. In 1757, after gaining victory in the Battle of Plassey, Ranchi came under the British. Ranchi witnessed several revolutionary campaigns and anti-British movements during the Indian freedom struggle. The people of Ranchi actively participated in the Non-Cooperation movement which finally led to independence in 1947 after which Ranchi was integrated within the state of Bihar. Jharkhand state was formed on 15th November 2000 with Ranchi as its capital. During British rule, it was conferred 'hill station' status, but unfortunately rampant population and industrialization have led to detrimental weather patterns with increase in the average temperature thereby losing its 'hill station' label.
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