Saharanpur is named after Shah Harun Chisti, a Sufi saint but was founded by Shah Ranveer Singh, a Jain nobleman who was a Mughal treasurer and is credited with laying the city foundations on the site of an army cantonment. The history of Saharanpur dates back to 2000 B.C. and archaeological sites have been unearthed throughout the adjoining area. It was part of the Indus Valley civilization and was later ruled by Aryan kings. Various dynasties set their conquering footsteps on Saharanpur which include the Nandas, Mauryas, Shungas, Yaudheyas, Kushanas, Guptas, Yasodharmans, Vardhanas, Maukharis, Khatiks Notyial, Chandelas, Muktapidas, Ayuddhas, Gurjara-Pratihara and Palas.\n\nThen came the Mughal period, after which the Sayyids and Rohillas ruled the area until the invasion of Nadir Shah in 1739. After his departure, the Rajputs, Tyagis, Brahmins, Jats and Ahmad Shah Durrani, the Afghan ruler, conquered Saharanpur in his invasion of India. The Marathas took over till 1803 and following the Second Anglo-Maratha War, the British planted their feet firmly here till 1947. Post-independence, Saharanpur was engrafted into the state of Uttar Pradesh. Apart from being a prominent agricultural hub, it has carved its own niche in the global arena of wood and handicraft production.
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