Most of the areas of the present-day Shimla were covered with forests till the 18th century. The city was named after a Hindu goddess named Shyamala Devi. The area was captured by Bhimsen Thapa of Nepal in 1806, following which The British East India Company took control after establishment of the Sugauli Treaty, post Anglo-Nepalese War. John Lawrence, the Viceroy of India, shifted the summer capital of the British to Shimla in 1863. British soldiers, merchants and civil servants moved to Shimla every year in summer, to escape the heat of the Indo-Gangetic plain. Shimla was the capital of the undivided Punjab in 1871, until the construction of Chandigarh. After the formation of Himachal Pradesh in 1971, Shimla was named as the state capital.
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Theme of Shimla[Hill Station, Romantic, Adventure]