Bounded by the Bay of Bengal on the east, the Indian Ocean to the south and the Arabian Sea on the west, Tamil Nadu depicts the heart of Dravidian culture in India. Along with its glorious past, vibrant culture, rich history, and natural bounty in the form of beaches and clear skies it is also the 11th largest state in India.
It is the historical home of the famous Chola, Chera, Pallava and Pandya kingdoms which blossomed in ancient and medieval India. Tamil Nadu is renowned for its classical dance form - Bharatanatyam, rich jewel colored silks of Kancheepuram, intricately carved wood, stone pillars, and brass temple lamps. Known as the 'Land of Temples the state harbors 274 of India’s holiest Shiva temples, and 108 are devoted to Vishnu. Also, five shrines devoted to the five Vedic elements (Earth, Wind, Fire, Water, and Ether) are found here.
Tamil Nadu is a State with several distinct tourism genres. For its unique culture and ample tourism potential, tourists from upcountry and abroad flock the tourist spots throughout the year.
It has some of the most remarkable temple architecture, living tradition of music, dance, folk arts and fine arts. The state is well renowned for its heritage sites and temple towns, waterfalls, national parks, local cuisine and the fabulous wildlife and scenic beauty. The state boasts the largest tourism industry in India.
The State Tourism has been taking enduring efforts to promote tourism by providing basic infrastructure like public convenience, rest shed, drinking water, road improvement, car parking, etc.
Post monsoon in November, the climate of Tamil Nadu remains cool and begins to get colder until the end of March making it the best time to visit especially for sightseeing and temple tours.
While Tamil Nadu’s temples are undoubtedly its major attraction, crowning the cluster of hills in the northwestern part of the state are the Nilgiris, and Udhagamandalam (Ooty) -the state's best-known hill station. Close by are Coonoor, Kotagiri, Doddabetta, and Mukurti Peak. Further towards the south is Kodaikanal, a quiet hill station, set around a lake that exudes colonial charm and boasts of coffee plantations in the south. For those who prefer the company of birds and beasts can venture into the Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary and Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, located in the Palani Hills.
One can enjoy on the Marina beach, go cruising in the theme parks, or let the mind search for peace in the midst of magnificent temples. The Brihadisvara Temple in Thanjavur which is about 1000 years old and listed as UNESCO world heritage site and Kapaleeshwarar Temple are a must see. Also, bustling with pilgrims, priests, and tourists the unforgettable destination- Rameswaram needs no introduction.
Tamil Nadu has some of the best air, road and rail connections in the country. Various cities in the state are linked to the main cities and capitals within the country and abroad.
By Air : Tamil Nadu has 4 international airports and 2 domestic airports. It’s four international airports are Chennai International Airport, Coimbatore International Airport, Tiruchirapalli International Airport and Madurai International Airport. Salem and Tuticorin airports are domestic airports which connect the state with the rest of the country.
By Rail : The Southern Railways covers a large area of the Southern Peninsula of India. The broad gauge rail system links Chennai with Cochin, Bangalore, Calcutta, Mumbai, Delhi, and the northern part of India.
By Road : Tamil Nadu has a road network of nearly 1.70 lakh kilometers. Private bus operators accompanying some government buses link the important cities and ply through the entire south. Inter-state buses operate by the State Express Transport Corporation connect Chennai with the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala.
Road travel is often used as means of reaching places of interest. Buses now reach virtually every area and are the cheapest mode of travel. Private taxis are slightly more expensive but will take you anywhere even interstate. A number of cab operators as Ola, Uber, Fastrack ply at all important cities of the state providing ease of travel to tourists.
Popular tourist destinations also charter two-wheelers, which are great for exploring short distances. Most places even have Bike Taxis. Cycling is yet another way of getting around easily and economically.The state capital Chennai has local trains plying and the rapid Chennai Metro that was started recently and is still expanding.
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