Recorded history writes about the early Chola kings who ruled this place in the 3rd century BC. In the 6th century AD, the region was ruled by the Pallava kings. After the Pallavas, the medieval Cholas ruled the place till the 13th century AD. Following the decline of the Cholas, the region was ruled by the Pandyas from 1216 to 1311. The Pandyas were defeated by Malik Kafur, after which the place was governed by the Sultanates which were based in Delhi and Madurai from 1311 to 1378. The region was then ruled by the Vijaynagar Empire and by the Madurai Nayak kingdom till 1736. The area was briefly ruled by the Marathas before it was annexed to the Carnatic kingdom.\n\nIn 1801 the British took over reigns of the region from the Carnatic Kingdom and merged it with the Madras Presidency. Post Indian independence, Trichy remained a part of the Indian state of Madras. Madras was subsequently renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969.