The history of Ujjain dates back to 2000 BCE, with agricultural settlements which were excavated much later. Remains of early urbanisation dating to 600 BCE have also been mined. This was during the times of Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund whose capital was Ujjain. At around the same time, the city also became the cultural, political and commercial hub of the Malwa Plateau. Regarded as the literary centre of India in the ancient times, Ujjain was the centre for Sanskrit learning, ethics, knowledge, science and arts and was called Adyapeetha. There have been instances when Bhasa and Kalidasa have at times in their works mentioned Ujjain or Ujjaini, as it was called back then, which reasons for the fact that they had spent a good amount of their time in the city. \n\nPuranic texts account the Haihaya dynasty to have ruled over Ujjain. The Maurya Dynasty was one of the most important dynasties that ruled over Ujjain. Ashoka served as the viceroy of Ujjain during that period. Further, the city was ruled by the Shungas, the Guptas, the Shatavahanas, the Paramara and the Western Satraps. During the medieval period, the city came under Islamic rule, when most temples were destroyed accounting to the acts of the Delhi Sultanate. In 1731, the city came under the rule of the Scindias. Kingship was abolished with the new constitution of free India; however, the family is still an important figure in the city, the whole of Central India and an important hierarchy in the Indian political scenario.
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