According to mythology, it is believed that Varanasi was founded by Lord Shiva. The Pandavas from the great epic Mahabharata, also visited this pious city. It is one of the seven cities in which a person can attain Moksha. It is said that, Varanasi receives its name from the two rivers namely Varuna and Assi. In Rigveda and Skanda Purana, Varanasi is referred to as Kashi. Throughout the ages, this city was known as Kasika, Avimukta, Anandavana and Rudravasa. \n\nThe archaeological evidence states that early settlements around Varanasi began in the 20th century B.C. It is acknowledged as the world’s oldest inhabited cities. The historical remains state that Varanasi was populated by the people of Vedic age. According to Atharvaveda, the oldest vedic text, Varanasi was inhabited by the people from indigenous tribes. Recent excavations state the existence of the city must have been from onwards 1800 B.C. During the time of Gautama Buddha, the city of Varanasi was the capital of the Kashi Kingdom and became one of the revered industrial centres. The famous Chinese traveller, Hiuen Tsang, visited this city in 635 AD and referred it as a centre of religious and artistic activities.
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