Monuments of India

India is one of the most beautiful countries in the world and is best known for its colourful culture and fascinating heritage. Its grand monuments, like the Taj Mahal act as strong pillars of the rich and deep history that India possesses. From their splendid architecture to a strong legacy, the historical monuments of India speak volumes. Most of these Indian monuments were primarily built under the regime of Rajputana, Dravidian and Mughal emperors. The monuments of India are speaking stones of the glory of its rulers and the brilliance of artisans in ancient India. Due to the incredible beauty of India and the constant efforts of the government in maintaining the heritage sites, India tourism has flourished rapidly witnessing an increase in the number of travellers from all around the world. Some of the well-preserved monuments in the different parts of the country are Red Fort (North), Sun Temple Konark (East), Amer Fort (West) and Charminar (South).

Historical Places in India

The ancient monuments of India are globally popular for their architectural brilliance. And, the marble inlay and stone carving work displayed through these centuries-old monuments is incomparable. So, if you’re looking for holidays in India then plan a tour of historical places in India. In the state of Rajasthan, the monuments narrate the tales of strength, romance and bravery. While visiting these masterpieces, one can feel the aura and power of the ancient Indian rulers. Also, tourists will get to know that religion plays a significant role in Indian culture. And, the diversity of religions is clearly evident in the historical monuments too. The prominent cities of India as Mumbai, Delhi and Agra also have a lot to offer history lovers. With wonderful Mughal architecture dipped in the essence of Islam, the charm of Delhi never fades in terms of enticing the travellers. India Gate, Jama Masjid, Pura Qila, Lodi Tomb and Jantar Mantar are some of the most famous monuments in Delhi. The list of well-known monuments in Agra includes Agra Fort, Mariam's Tomb, Panch Mahal and Marium-uz-Zamani Palace and the Taj Mahal - one of the seven wonders of the world. Some key heritage monuments in Mumbai are Elephanta Caves, Gateway of India and Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.

Famous Monuments of India

If you are a history buff, monuments like Mysore Palace, Sanchi Stupa, Fatehpur Sikri and Hawa Mahal should feature on your must-visit monuments in India. Situated in the Mysore city of Karnataka, Mysore Palace is a royal residence of Wadiyar dynasty. The great Sanchi Stupa in Bhopal is among the most striking Buddhist monuments in India. Built during the Mauryan period it reflects a perfect blend of Buddhist art and architecture. The sprawling Fatehpur Sikri complex was built by the Mughal emperor, Akbar, in the 16th century. With the UNESCO world heritage site status, the architecture of Fatehpur Sikri showcases a perfect amalgamation of Persian and Hindu architecture. Hawa Mahal, located in the heart of Pink City, Jaipur, is a unique honeycomb structure said to reflect the royalty of Rajput ruler, Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh.

National Monuments of India

Among the most popular national monuments of India are the Red Fort, Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Humayun's Tomb, Sun Temple Konark and Hampi. Built in the 16th century, the Red Fort in Delhi is known to transport the visitors back to the era of Mughal dynasty. The icon of immortal love – The Taj Mahal, a white-marbled marvel, situated on the banks of River Yamuna in the city of Agra, never fails to mesmerize. Also, Humayun's Tomb of Delhi is considered as the finest example of Persian architecture. Further, Odisha’s Konark Sun Temple, which is constructed in the shape of a colossal chariot, is a UNESCO world heritage site. Once known as the capital of the Vijayanagar Empire, Hampi is the most popular tourist attraction in Karnataka. Constructed in the14th century, its ruins are now a UNESCO world heritage site. Undoubtedly, Indian monuments are the pride of the nation!
FAQs on Monuments of India

Q. How many monuments does India have?

A: There are hundreds of thousands of monuments spread across the length and breadth of the country. But some of the most prominent ones include the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar’s Tomb, Humayun’s Tomb, India Gate, Red Fort, Jama Masjid in Old Delhi, Qutub Minar, Charminar, Golconda Fort, Mehrangarh Fort, Chittorgarh Fort, Gwalior Fort, Fort Aguada, Chapora Fort, Ajanta and Ellora Caves, The Gateway of India, Elephanta Caves, Statue of Unity, Sanchi Stupa, Group of Monuments in Hampi, Amber Fort, Hawa Mahal, Gol Gumbaz, Jantar Mantar Jaipur, Mysore Palace, Mahabalipuram temple ruins, Konark Sun Temple, Udaygiri and Khandagiri, Vivekananda Rock Memorial, Lotus Temple, Victoria Memorial among others.

Q. What are the top five monuments of India?

A: India is a country of several hundreds of historical monuments with each holding their own special significance. But in terms of tourist footfalls, the top five - one from each direction - would be the Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Golconda Fort, Ajanta Caves, Sun Temple Konark.

Q. Which is the most famous monument of India?

A: It has to be the Taj. Taj Mahal for centuries has come to be synonymous with India. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Taj Mahal is a poetry in white marble built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal who died while giving birth to their 14th child. Writers, artists, poets, historians from all over the world have visited the Taj and have fallen in love with its mesmeric beauty. To Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore, the Taj Mahal is ‘a teardrop on the cheek of eternity’.

Q. Which city has the largest number of monuments in India?

A: One of India’s most populated cities, Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of monuments in the country, followed by Karnataka. According to a data released by the Ministry of Culture, Uttar Pradesh has 10 monuments listed under the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). UP alone has 743 monuments with Karnataka close on the heels with 506 monuments. The most significant monuments in UP include the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Akbar’s Tomb, and Fatehpur Sikri.

Q. Which is the oldest monument in India?

A: The Elephanta Caves on the Elephanta Island in the Mumbai Harbour, a one-hour ferry ride from the Gateway of India is one of the oldest known monuments in India. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the caves are a paradigm of rock-cut Shaivite sculptures dating back to King Krishnaraja of the Kalachuri dynasty from mid-6th century. However, the site is also home to two Buddhist caves complete with Stupas and water reservoirs dating back to 2nd century BCE when the island was settled by the Hinayana Buddhists.