Taj Mahal

One glance at the Taj and you know you are experiencing something surreal, other-wordly. Even after over 400 years since it was built, this breathtaking poetry in white marble is still one of the most fascinating pieces of architecture ever known to mankind. When Rudyard Kipling described the Taj Mahal as ‘the embodiment of all things pure’, he echoed the romance, the beauty and the glory of this masterpiece that shone brilliant on full moon nights, and threw up an evocative reflection in the still waters of Yamuna when the sun was high. For Rabindranath Tagore, Taj was ‘a teardrop on the cheek of eternity’, and like Tagore millions of tourists even today find a reason to visit the Taj Mahal each year, and stand in awe before its eternal beauty.


History of Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan, in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal who died in 1631 while giving birth to their 14th child. Mumtaz, Shah Jahan’s third wife, was known for her exceptional beauty, and the emperor was known to be mad about her. Crestfallen by her sudden death, the emperor, it is believed, turned grey-haired in just one night. Work on the Taj began in 1632, but it wasn’t until 1653 that the whole monument came together in its current form. But as fate would have it, soon after the Taj was built Shah Jahan was overthrown by his son Aurangazeb who held him prisoner in the Agra Fort, where he spent the rest of his years yearning for the Taj. Shah Jahan after his death in 1666 was buried beside his beloved Mumtaz in the Taj Mahal.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983 for being the “jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”, an army of 20,000 artisans from across India, Central Asia and Europe were employed to work on the Taj.


Taj Mahal Architecture


The Taj Complex

The ornamental gardens designed on the lines of the typical Mughal Charbagh, is a square garden dissected by water bodies with an ornamental marble plinth running through its center. To the northern end of the complex is the elevated marble platform on which the main mausoleum stands. The raised podium is to lift it above the other structures on the complex, as if reaching out to the very skies. A 40-metre-high white minaret adorns each corner of the marble platform, and call it an engineering masterstroke, the towers each slightly lean outwards. This was so that they fall away in case of an earthquake and let the superstructure remain unperturbed.


Buildings on the Taj Mahal Complex

The main entrance to Taj is an ornate Mughal structure predominantly made of white marble with tomb-like archways. The arches are rich in calligraphy and have vaulted ceilings and walls with geometric designs. On the other end of the structure there are two identical red sandstone buildings, the western building is actually a mosque, and its prototype, a jawab (answer).


Taj Mahal Central Structure

Built in semi-translucent white marble with intricate carvings and inlay work of precious and semi-precious gems, the four identical sides of the mausoleum is majestic in its detailing. There are four small domes topping the central structure with one large bulbous dome in the centre. Right below the main dome lies the cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal with gorgeous jaali and inlay work in marble, and beside it the cenotaph of her husband. The construction is such that sunlight streams in directly through the jaali and falls on the cenotaphs. But the actual tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz are in a chamber in a basement room that is not open for public viewing.


Taj Mahal Quick Facts

- A 1000 elephants were used to transport building materials for the construction of the Taj.

- The brilliant white marble came in from Makrana in Rajasthan, the jade and crystal came from China, the jasper from Punjab, the turquoise from Tibet, the Lapis Lazuli from Afghanistan, the carnelian from Arabia and the sapphire from Sri Lanka.

- The famous inlay work on the marble has about 28 varieties of precious and semi-precious stones.


Taj Mahal Timings & Entry Gates


Taj Mahal Entry Gates Taj Mahal Opening Hours
Western Gate (Main Gate) An hour before sunrise and about 45 minutes prior to sunset
Eastern Gate An hour before sunrise, and 45 minutes before sunset
Southern Gate Only Exit

Taj Mahal Western Gate:

To enter through this gate, you can buy the tickets near Saheli Burj. Taj Mahal opening hours for this gate are an hour before sunrise and about 45 minutes prior to sunset. This is actually the main entrance to the mausoleum and looks out to the Agra Cantt and the city at large. Outside this gate, don’t miss the beautiful red sandstone structure ‘Fatehpur Begum’, dedicated to another of Shah Jahan’s wives. Sprawled out across an open terrace, the courtyard of the building is fit to accommodate about 200 people at a time who wish to offer Namaz.


Taj Mahal Eastern Gate:

The tickets are available at this gate itself. Again, the Taj Mahal visiting hours remain the same; an hour before sunrise, and 45 minutes before sunset. Facing Fatehbad, there is a domed tomb here nestled on an elevated plinth, also known as ‘Sirhi Darwaza’. This too is a tomb to another of Shah Jahan’s wives, Sirhindi begum. The main structure is an architectural marvel what with its 24 arches, a giant hall and courtyard, and built in a unique eight-sided style.


Taj Mahal Southern Gate:

You can only exit from this gate; no entry is allowed. Meant for pedestrians alone, this gate faces the old town, Mumtazabad. There is a tomb here too of red sandstone complete with a rambling courtyard and a dome. The grave is believed to be of a maid of Mumtaz Mahal’s who always kept her company and looked after her.

Be apprised of the fact that there are separate queues for domestic and foreign tourists.


Taj Mahal Address

The Taj Mahal is located in Dharmapuri, Forest Colony, Tajganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh - 282001.


Taj Mahal Opening Days

The Taj Mahal is open for viewing to the general public on all days of the week except Fridays.


How to Reach the Taj Mahal


Nearest Airport The Agra Airport
Nearest Metro Station NA
Nearest Railway Station Agra Cantt Railway Station
Nearest Bus Stand The Idgah Bus Stand

From the NCR, you can drive down the 165-kilometre-long Yamuna Expressway connecting Greater Noida with Agra. Agra is 235 kilometre from Jaipur and 125 kilometre from Gwalior.


Nearest Metro Station to the Taj Mahal:

As of now the Agra Metro is under construction, and this Mass Rapid Transit System in its first phase is likely to roll out by 2020. The city of Agra and its various places of tourist interest are going to be well-connected by it.


Nearest Bus Stand to the Taj Mahal:

The Idgah bus station is Agra’s biggest and most prominent bus terminal. It is in close proximity to the Idgah railway station and also the Agra Cantt, Agra’s main railway station. The UPSRTC (Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation) operates regular deluxe, semi-deluxe buses from here to different parts of the city. Alternately, you can hire a taxi and reach the Taj Mahal. The Taj Mahal is approximately six kilometres from the Idgah bus stand.


Nearest Railway Station to the Taj Mahal:

Agra Cantt is the prominent railway head in Agra, and at a distance of approximately six kilometres from the Taj Mahal. It is well-connected by taxis and other local modes of transport like state buses. To get to Agra Cantt from India’s capital, take the country’s fastest train, the Gatimaan Express departing from Hazrat Nizamuddin at 08:10 am and arriving into Agra Cantt in a cool 100 minutes by doing an average speed of 112 km/hr. Alternately, you can also take the second best option, the Shatabdi Express that departs from New Delhi at 06:00 am and brings you to Agra Cantt by 08:00 am. There is the Taj Express too which makes the journey in an average of 2.5 hours between the cities. This train too like the Gatimaan and Shatabdi Express now goes all the way to Gwalior and then Jhansi.


Nearest Aiport to the Taj Mahal:

The Agra Airport is a military base and also serves as a public airport. You have flights between Delhi and Agra, which you need to book at least a couple of weeks ahead for better rates. There are two flights daily between Delhi and Agra, and the popular airlines serving the route include Air India, SpiceJet, and IndiGo. A nonstop flight takes about 3 hours to get you to Agra from Delhi. From the Agra Airport, the Taj is approximately 13 kilometres, taking you about 40 minutes by road.


Taj Mahal Ticket Booking


Entry Fee (Indian) INR 50 ( Additional INR 200 to see the main mausoleum)
Entry Fee (SAARC and BIMSTEC) INR 540 ( Additional INR 200 to see the main mausoleum)
Entry Fee (Foreigner ) INR 1100 (Additional NR 200 to see the main mausoleum)
Entry Below (Children Below Age 15) Free

The Taj Mahal entry ticket for Indian tourists is INR 50 and an additional INR 200 if you wish to see the main mausoleum. For citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC countries, the Taj Mahal ticket price is INR 540 and the additional INR 200 for visiting the main mausoleum. And if you are a foreign national, the Taj Mahal entry ticket price is INR 1100 and INR 200 is the optional fee for exploring the main mausoleum. For both domestic and foreign tourists, no entry fee is charged for children below the age of 15.


Taj Mahal Night Viewing Tickets

The entry tickets for night viewing can be bought 24 hours in advance. You can buy the tickets from the Archaeological Survey of India office on Agra Mall Road between 10:00 am and 06:00 pm. The price for an adult Indian tourist is INR 510, and for an international tourist is INR 750. Children between 3 and 15 years need to pay INR 500 to gain entry.

However, at a time a total of 400 tourists are allowed inside the Taj complex. These 400 are further categorised in eight batches with 50 members each. Nighttime viewing of the Taj is available only five days a month on a full moon night and two days ahead and two days post the full moon, with the exception of Fridays. The night visit duration is 30 minutes between 08:30 pm and 12:30 am.


Taj Mahal tickets online

You can book your Taj Mahal online ticket from the Archaeological Survey of India website, which gives you a list of monuments under ASI whose tickets you can book. Select the monument, enter your name, age, gender, the type of ID proof you are offering, from passport, Aadhaar card, driving license to voter’s card, including the unique ID number. A maximum of 20 adults and 10 children are allowed per booking. Head to the payment gateway, enter card details and confirm your booking. The e-ticket will be sent to your email id. You then need to take a print out of the Taj Mahal ticket and keep the same for producing at the entry gate. You can get a discount of INR 5 per Indian ticket, and INR 50 per international tourist ticket if you book online.

There are ample accommodation options available in Agra with some really exclusive properties around the Taj such as the Amar Vilas on the Eastern Gate, Mughal Sheraton on Fatehabad Road, Trident Hilton, among a string of conveniently located budget hotels and guest houses. Little wonder, Taj Mahal is a great excursion for a cross-section of travellers from within the country and even outside.


Other Monuments in Agra

Some of the other monuments in Agra are Mehtab Bagh, Mariam's Tomb, Itimad-ud-Daulah Tomb, Ram Bagh and Akbar’s Tomb.


Hotels Near Taj Mahal

Some hotels near Taj Mahal are Four Points by Sheraton Agra, Orient Taj Hotel and Resorts, Crystal Sarovar Premiere - A Sarovar Hotel, Jaypee Palace Hotel & Convention Centre Agra and Hotel Parador Agra.


Things to Do in Agra

Some of the major things to do in Agra are shopping at the Shilpigram market area, taking the Mughal heritage walk, and watching the light and sound show at Kalakriti Cultural And Convention Center.

You can now book Taj Mahal tickets online by visiting Yatra.com. It offers online ticket options for 141 museums and historical monuments in India. No more standing in queues, buy your tickets online for a hassle-free experience.

About Taj Mahal

One glance at the Taj and you know you are experiencing something surreal, other-wordly. Even after over 400 years since it was built, this breathtaking poetry in white marble is still one of the most fascinating pieces of architecture ever known to mankind. When Rudyard Kipling described the Taj Mahal as ‘the embodiment of all things pure’, he echoed the romance, the beauty and the glory of this masterpiece that shone brilliant on full moon nights, and threw up an evocative reflection in the still waters of Yamuna when the sun was high. For Rabindranath Tagore, Taj was ‘a teardrop on the cheek of eternity’, and like Tagore millions of tourists even today find a reason to visit the Taj Mahal each year, and stand in awe before its eternal beauty.


History of Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan, in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal who died in 1631 while giving birth to their 14th child. Mumtaz, Shah Jahan’s third wife, was known for her exceptional beauty, and the emperor was known to be mad about her. Crestfallen by her sudden death, the emperor, it is believed, turned grey-haired in just one night. Work on the Taj began in 1632, but it wasn’t until 1653 that the whole monument came together in its current form. But as fate would have it, soon after the Taj was built Shah Jahan was overthrown by his son Aurangazeb who held him prisoner in the Agra Fort, where he spent the rest of his years yearning for the Taj. Shah Jahan after his death in 1666 was buried beside his beloved Mumtaz in the Taj Mahal.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983 for being the “jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”, an army of 20,000 artisans from across India, Central Asia and Europe were employed to work on the Taj.


Taj Mahal Architecture


The Taj Complex

The ornamental gardens designed on the lines of the typical Mughal Charbagh, is a square garden dissected by water bodies with an ornamental marble plinth running through its center. To the northern end of the complex is the elevated marble platform on which the main mausoleum stands. The raised podium is to lift it above the other structures on the complex, as if reaching out to the very skies. A 40-metre-high white minaret adorns each corner of the marble platform, and call it an engineering masterstroke, the towers each slightly lean outwards. This was so that they fall away in case of an earthquake and let the superstructure remain unperturbed.


Buildings on the Taj Mahal Complex

The main entrance to Taj is an ornate Mughal structure predominantly made of white marble with tomb-like archways. The arches are rich in calligraphy and have vaulted ceilings and walls with geometric designs. On the other end of the structure there are two identical red sandstone buildings, the western building is actually a mosque, and its prototype, a jawab (answer).


Taj Mahal Central Structure

Built in semi-translucent white marble with intricate carvings and inlay work of precious and semi-precious gems, the four identical sides of the mausoleum is majestic in its detailing. There are four small domes topping the central structure with one large bulbous dome in the centre. Right below the main dome lies the cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal with gorgeous jaali and inlay work in marble, and beside it the cenotaph of her husband. The construction is such that sunlight streams in directly through the jaali and falls on the cenotaphs. But the actual tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz are in a chamber in a basement room that is not open for public viewing.


Taj Mahal Quick Facts

- A 1000 elephants were used to transport building materials for the construction of the Taj.

- The brilliant white marble came in from Makrana in Rajasthan, the jade and crystal came from China, the jasper from Punjab, the turquoise from Tibet, the Lapis Lazuli from Afghanistan, the carnelian from Arabia and the sapphire from Sri Lanka.

- The famous inlay work on the marble has about 28 varieties of precious and semi-precious stones.


Taj Mahal Timings & Entry Gates


Taj Mahal Entry Gates Taj Mahal Opening Hours
Western Gate (Main Gate) An hour before sunrise and about 45 minutes prior to sunset
Eastern Gate An hour before sunrise, and 45 minutes before sunset
Southern Gate Only Exit

Taj Mahal Western Gate:

To enter through this gate, you can buy the tickets near Saheli Burj. Taj Mahal opening hours for this gate are an hour before sunrise and about 45 minutes prior to sunset. This is actually the main entrance to the mausoleum and looks out to the Agra Cantt and the city at large. Outside this gate, don’t miss the beautiful red sandstone structure ‘Fatehpur Begum’, dedicated to another of Shah Jahan’s wives. Sprawled out across an open terrace, the courtyard of the building is fit to accommodate about 200 people at a time who wish to offer Namaz.


Taj Mahal Eastern Gate:

The tickets are available at this gate itself. Again, the Taj Mahal visiting hours remain the same; an hour before sunrise, and 45 minutes before sunset. Facing Fatehbad, there is a domed tomb here nestled on an elevated plinth, also known as ‘Sirhi Darwaza’. This too is a tomb to another of Shah Jahan’s wives, Sirhindi begum. The main structure is an architectural marvel what with its 24 arches, a giant hall and courtyard, and built in a unique eight-sided style.


Taj Mahal Southern Gate:

You can only exit from this gate; no entry is allowed. Meant for pedestrians alone, this gate faces the old town, Mumtazabad. There is a tomb here too of red sandstone complete with a rambling courtyard and a dome. The grave is believed to be of a maid of Mumtaz Mahal’s who always kept her company and looked after her.

Be apprised of the fact that there are separate queues for domestic and foreign tourists.


Taj Mahal Address

The Taj Mahal is located in Dharmapuri, Forest Colony, Tajganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh - 282001.


Taj Mahal Opening Days

The Taj Mahal is open for viewing to the general public on all days of the week except Fridays.


How to Reach the Taj Mahal


Nearest Airport The Agra Airport
Nearest Metro Station NA
Nearest Railway Station Agra Cantt Railway Station
Nearest Bus Stand The Idgah Bus Stand

From the NCR, you can drive down the 165-kilometre-long Yamuna Expressway connecting Greater Noida with Agra. Agra is 235 kilometre from Jaipur and 125 kilometre from Gwalior.


Nearest Metro Station to the Taj Mahal:

As of now the Agra Metro is under construction, and this Mass Rapid Transit System in its first phase is likely to roll out by 2020. The city of Agra and its various places of tourist interest are going to be well-connected by it.


Nearest Bus Stand to the Taj Mahal:

The Idgah bus station is Agra’s biggest and most prominent bus terminal. It is in close proximity to the Idgah railway station and also the Agra Cantt, Agra’s main railway station. The UPSRTC (Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation) operates regular deluxe, semi-deluxe buses from here to different parts of the city. Alternately, you can hire a taxi and reach the Taj Mahal. The Taj Mahal is approximately six kilometres from the Idgah bus stand.


Nearest Railway Station to the Taj Mahal:

Agra Cantt is the prominent railway head in Agra, and at a distance of approximately six kilometres from the Taj Mahal. It is well-connected by taxis and other local modes of transport like state buses. To get to Agra Cantt from India’s capital, take the country’s fastest train, the Gatimaan Express departing from Hazrat Nizamuddin at 08:10 am and arriving into Agra Cantt in a cool 100 minutes by doing an average speed of 112 km/hr. Alternately, you can also take the second best option, the Shatabdi Express that departs from New Delhi at 06:00 am and brings you to Agra Cantt by 08:00 am. There is the Taj Express too which makes the journey in an average of 2.5 hours between the cities. This train too like the Gatimaan and Shatabdi Express now goes all the way to Gwalior and then Jhansi.


Nearest Aiport to the Taj Mahal:

The Agra Airport is a military base and also serves as a public airport. You have flights between Delhi and Agra, which you need to book at least a couple of weeks ahead for better rates. There are two flights daily between Delhi and Agra, and the popular airlines serving the route include Air India, SpiceJet, and IndiGo. A nonstop flight takes about 3 hours to get you to Agra from Delhi. From the Agra Airport, the Taj is approximately 13 kilometres, taking you about 40 minutes by road.


Taj Mahal Ticket Booking


Entry Fee (Indian) INR 50 ( Additional INR 200 to see the main mausoleum)
Entry Fee (SAARC and BIMSTEC) INR 540 ( Additional INR 200 to see the main mausoleum)
Entry Fee (Foreigner ) INR 1100 (Additional NR 200 to see the main mausoleum)
Entry Below (Children Below Age 15) Free

The Taj Mahal entry ticket for Indian tourists is INR 50 and an additional INR 200 if you wish to see the main mausoleum. For citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC countries, the Taj Mahal ticket price is INR 540 and the additional INR 200 for visiting the main mausoleum. And if you are a foreign national, the Taj Mahal entry ticket price is INR 1100 and INR 200 is the optional fee for exploring the main mausoleum. For both domestic and foreign tourists, no entry fee is charged for children below the age of 15.


Taj Mahal Night Viewing Tickets

The entry tickets for night viewing can be bought 24 hours in advance. You can buy the tickets from the Archaeological Survey of India office on Agra Mall Road between 10:00 am and 06:00 pm. The price for an adult Indian tourist is INR 510, and for an international tourist is INR 750. Children between 3 and 15 years need to pay INR 500 to gain entry.

However, at a time a total of 400 tourists are allowed inside the Taj complex. These 400 are further categorised in eight batches with 50 members each. Nighttime viewing of the Taj is available only five days a month on a full moon night and two days ahead and two days post the full moon, with the exception of Fridays. The night visit duration is 30 minutes between 08:30 pm and 12:30 am.


Taj Mahal tickets online

You can book your Taj Mahal online ticket from the Archaeological Survey of India website, which gives you a list of monuments under ASI whose tickets you can book. Select the monument, enter your name, age, gender, the type of ID proof you are offering, from passport, Aadhaar card, driving license to voter’s card, including the unique ID number. A maximum of 20 adults and 10 children are allowed per booking. Head to the payment gateway, enter card details and confirm your booking. The e-ticket will be sent to your email id. You then need to take a print out of the Taj Mahal ticket and keep the same for producing at the entry gate. You can get a discount of INR 5 per Indian ticket, and INR 50 per international tourist ticket if you book online.

There are ample accommodation options available in Agra with some really exclusive properties around the Taj such as the Amar Vilas on the Eastern Gate, Mughal Sheraton on Fatehabad Road, Trident Hilton, among a string of conveniently located budget hotels and guest houses. Little wonder, Taj Mahal is a great excursion for a cross-section of travellers from within the country and even outside.


Other Monuments in Agra

Some of the other monuments in Agra are Mehtab Bagh, Mariam's Tomb, Itimad-ud-Daulah Tomb, Ram Bagh and Akbar’s Tomb.


Hotels Near Taj Mahal

Some hotels near Taj Mahal are Four Points by Sheraton Agra, Orient Taj Hotel and Resorts, Crystal Sarovar Premiere - A Sarovar Hotel, Jaypee Palace Hotel & Convention Centre Agra and Hotel Parador Agra.


Things to Do in Agra

Some of the major things to do in Agra are shopping at the Shilpigram market area, taking the Mughal heritage walk, and watching the light and sound show at Kalakriti Cultural And Convention Center.

You can now book Taj Mahal tickets online by visiting Yatra.com. It offers online ticket options for 141 museums and historical monuments in India. No more standing in queues, buy your tickets online for a hassle-free experience.

Monument Information

Address

Dharmapuri, Forest Colony, Tajganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh 282001

How To Reach

  • Nearest Airport : IGI Airport Delhi IGI Airport Delhi
  • Nearest Railway Station : Raja-ki-Mandi, Agra Fort, Agra Cantt
  • Nearest Bus Station : Central Bus Station Agra

Opening Hours

  • Opening Time : Sunrise
  • Closing Time :Sunset

Weather

  • Monsoon : July To August

    Summer : Average Maximum Temperature: 47°C (116°F )

    Winter : October to March, December and January are the coldest months

Facilities available At the Monument

  • Signages
  • Toilets
  • Benches
  • Drinking Water Facillity
  • Garden
  • Cloak Room
  • Ramps

Accommodation near the monument

Contact Details

  • Dr. Bhuvan Vikrama
  • Phone: 91-562-2227261/62(T-f), 2227263
  • E-mail: circleagr.asi@gmail.com

Ticket Information

Terms & Conditions

  • The e-ticket is not transferable.
  • Entry Fee is not refundable.
  • E-ticket cancellations are not permitted.
  • The Monument is open for visitors between sunrise and sunset.
  • Visitor shall be required to show photo identity proof in original at the entry to the monument.
  • Edibles are not allowed inside the monument.
  • Inflammable/dangerous/explosive articles are not allowed.
Non Ticketed
Free Entry
for all visitors.