The Chitradurga Fort is a walled fortress, located in the centre of several hills in Karnataka. The seven hills surrounding the fort act as its additional walls. Also known as Chitrakaldurga, the fort comprises of passages, citadel, masjid, warehouses, reservoirs and ancient temples. There are around 18 ancient temples inside the upper portion of the fort. Out of these 18 temples, some of the popular temples are Hidimbeswara Temple, Sampige Siddeshwara Temple, Ekanathamma Temple, Phalguneshwara Temple, Gopala Krishna Temple, Lord Hanuman Temple, Subbaraya Temple and Nandi Temple. There is also a big temple in the lower portion of the fort.
This fort is located at a distance of 120 km from Hampi, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This fort is a popular tourist spot and is located at a distance of just 198 km from Bangalore. This fort also has pond, secret openings, jail and stone pillars. The Chitradurga Fort is locally called as Kallina Kote, which is the Kannada translation of stone fortress. The seven hills around the fort are known as the Chinmuladri range.
Outstanding Universal Value
During the rule of the Chalukyas and Hoysalas, the Chitradurga Fort was built between the 11th and 13th century. This fort further saw its expansion under the rule of Vijayanagar Empire between 15th and 18th century. This fort is known for its exceptional rain water harvesting system, which ensured a large storage of water. According to the history, the fort never faced the issue of water shortage. This fort was also popular for The Murugarajendra Matha, which was a famous religious institution of the Lingayats.