Ancient Temple of Martand

Dating from the 8th century, the Martand Sun temple is a fine example of the architectural achievements of the ancient Karkota dynasty of Kashmir. Built on a plateau overlooking the Kashmir valley, archaeological evidence points to a fusion of the Gandhara, Gupta, Chines, Roman, Syrio-Byzantine and Greek styles of architecture in this unique structure. Initially built on the orders of Raja Ranaditya, the temple is said to have been completed by Lalitaditya Muktapida, who dedicated it to the presiding deity - Surya. The temple was razed in the 15th century on the orders of the local ruler, leaving us with the ruins that we see today. The temple courtyard is an imposing 220 feet by 142, and comprises of a collonaded courtyard, with 84 small shrines surrounding the primary shrine. The walls are replete with beautiful carvings of the primary god Surya, and other deities of the pantheon including Vishnu, and the river goddesses Ganga and Yamuna. Archaeological Survey of India has declared the Martand Temple to be a structure of national importance, with the temple appearing in the list of centrally protected monuments as Martanda (Sun Temple). It has also served as a backdrop for a sequence in the Bollywood film, Haider.

About Ancient Temple of Martand

Dating from the 8th century, the Martand Sun temple is a fine example of the architectural achievements of the ancient Karkota dynasty of Kashmir. Built on a plateau overlooking the Kashmir valley, archaeological evidence points to a fusion of the Gandhara, Gupta, Chines, Roman, Syrio-Byzantine and Greek styles of architecture in this unique structure. Initially built on the orders of Raja Ranaditya, the temple is said to have been completed by Lalitaditya Muktapida, who dedicated it to the presiding deity - Surya. The temple was razed in the 15th century on the orders of the local ruler, leaving us with the ruins that we see today. The temple courtyard is an imposing 220 feet by 142, and comprises of a collonaded courtyard, with 84 small shrines surrounding the primary shrine. The walls are replete with beautiful carvings of the primary god Surya, and other deities of the pantheon including Vishnu, and the river goddesses Ganga and Yamuna. Archaeological Survey of India has declared the Martand Temple to be a structure of national importance, with the temple appearing in the list of centrally protected monuments as Martanda (Sun Temple). It has also served as a backdrop for a sequence in the Bollywood film, Haider.

Outstanding Universal Value

The Tareekh-e-Hassan, the oldest recorded history of Kashmir, states that Raja Ranaditya of the Karkota dynasty built the city of Babul in the Karewas of south Kashmir. In front of his royal palace, he built the Martandeshwari Temple in around 370 - 400 CE. Lalitaditya Muktapida of the same dynasty is said to have completed the temple in the 8th century, dedicating it to the presiding deity of Surya (Martanda in Sanskrit; hence the name). In the 15th century, the local Islamic ruler Sikander Butshikan was said to have ordered the destruction of the temple, with the process lasting well over a year.

Monument Information

Address

Suriya Mandir Rd, Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir 192125

How To Reach

  • Nearest Airport :Sheikh ul-Alam International Airport, Srinagar
  • Nearest Railway Station :Anantnag
  • Nearest Bus Station : NA

Opening Hours

  • Opening Time : 6:00 AM
  • Closing Time :7:00 PM

Weather

  • Monsoon : Maximum: 30.1C, Minimum: 24C

    Summer : Maximum: 30°C, Minimum: 22°C

    Winter : Maximum: 8.2°C, Minimum: -2°C

    Recommended Season to Visit : Summer season (May to August), Autumn season (September to October)

Facilities available At the Monument

  • Signages (In Braille as well)
  • Drinking Water
  • Toilets for Ladies and Gentlemen
  • Dustbins
  • Visitors Benches
  • Publication counter
  • Wheel Chair & Ramps for differently abled persons
  • Tactile Pathway
  • Booking counter
  • Approach Roads
  • Cloak Room
  • CCTV

Accommodation near the monument

Contact Details

  • Gowhar Ahmed Khan
  • Phone: 91-0194-2311413 (Sub Circle- O), 9596137435
  • E-mail: circlesrinagar.asi@gov.in

Museums near monument

Ticket Information

Terms & Conditions

  • The e-ticket is not transferable.
  • Entry Fee is not refundable.
  • E-ticket cancellations are not permitted.
  • The Monument is open for visitors between sunrise and sunset.
  • Visitor shall be required to show photo identity proof in original at the entry to the monument.
  • Edibles are not allowed inside the monument.
  • Inflammable/dangerous/explosive articles are not allowed.
Non Ticketed
Free Entry
for all visitors.