North Western Railway
Formed on 1st October, 2002, North Western Railway was carved out from the Western and Northern Railways, with two divisions from each of these railways. On 16th September, 1996, Railway Board had approved the formation of NWR zone along with five other new zones. After the approval from the Railway Board on 17th October 1996, the foundation stone for this zone was laid in Jaipur by the then Prime Minister Shri H.D. Dewegowda. With two divisions of Western Railway – Ajmer and Jaipur, and two of the Northern Railway – Bikaner and Jodhpur, the final jurisdiction of North Western Railway was decided on 1st October, 2002.
The headquarters of the North Western Railway is located in Jaipur. This division came into being on amalgamating parts of Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BB&CI), Rajputana Malwa Railway and Jaipur State Railways. It caters to the states of Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. With 84.92% of its revenue generated from passenger traffic, this division is predominantly passenger oriented. A part of its earning also comes from cross traffic, which includes cement, fertiliser, salt, edible oil, oilseeds, food grains, gypsum and limestone. This division is a major hub for container loading as from here, containers are loaded in bulk.
It comprises a total of 128 stations, and the total number of trains running on this division is 146. This division alone deals with 22 metre gauge and 88 broad gauge trains, and serves about 35000 passengers every day. The total staff strength of this division is about 12000.
Established in 1924, Bikaner division caters to the states of Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan. The division serves an equal amount of the passenger traffic as done that by the Jaipur division. The inward freight traffic of this division comprises food grains, chemical fertiliser, cement, iron and steel. On the other hand, the outward freight traffic consists of food grains from Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan; clay, oil, oilseeds and gypsum from Rajasthan; and pet coke and POL from Punjab. This division has a total of 198 stations and deals with about 142 trains including broad gauge, metre gauge and rail-bus. The total staff strength of this division is about 13000.
Into existence since the year 1882, Jodhpur Division primarily serves the semi-urban districts of the Rajasthan. This division covers regions of Jodhpur, Marwar, Pali, Barmer, Nagaur, Jalore and Jaisalmer, and also certain districts in the state of Gujarat. In addition to these, it also caters to some of the sensitive areas of Rajasthan, such as Barmer, Jaisalmer and Pokaran. Limestone, gypsum and salt are some of the main commodities loaded on this division. It has a total of about 144 stations, and a total number of trains, both in the outward and inward directions, is 92. The total staff strength of this division is about 10000.
Covering the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan, Ajmer Division is a prominent rail junction on the Jaipur-Ahmedabad line. With numerous cement plants of Rajasthan located under its jurisdiction, this division is a predominant cement loading point. Soap, rock phosphate and stone powder are loaded from Udaipur. This division serves huge passenger traffic to Pushkar, Ajmer Sharif, Jain Temples, Dilwara and Ranakpur Temples as it covers a prominent region on the religious tourist map of India. It comprises a total of 130 stations and handles about 36 trains in both express and passenger category. The total staff strength of this division is about 9000.
Comprising four divisions, North Western Railway has a total of 578 stations. With about 5449 km of route line, this railway has about 2575 km of broad gauge tracks and about 2874 km of metre gauge tracks. The total track length of NWR railway is about 6559 km. With a good capacity of handling trains, the total number of the trains running on this railway amounts to 452, of which 264 are broad gauge and 188 are metre gauge trains.