Greenland is the largest island in the world and lies within the Danish territory. It is located between the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, on the eastern part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Nuuk is the capital, and also the largest city of Greenland, primarily defined by its strong coffee and pristine atmosphere. Whether you want to witness the calving of glaciers, the brilliance of the Northern Lights, or the beauty of the Midnight Sun, Greenland is a splendid discovery all the way.
Best time to visit
The climate of Greenland is Arctic, with a lot of variations. It experiences three major seasons, summer, winter, and spring. June through August are the summer months, and have warm, bright, and long days. This is ideal for hiking and sailing, and for experiencing the rare Midnight Sun phenomenon. The months of December to March are very cold, with shorter days and clear, sunny skies. This is usually the best time to explore Greenland, when you can witness dog sledging and the Northern Lights, a.k.a. Aurora Borealis, which appears sometime between late September and November.
How to get there
You can avail the services of either of these international airlines from Scandinavian Airlines
, Air France, Icelandair, British Airways
, to Lufthansa
. The major international airports that serve Greenland include Kangerlussuaq, Nuuk, Narsarsuaq, Kulusk, and Ilulissat, with the largest commercial airport being Kangerlussuaq. Close to 35 connecting flights fly from Delhi to Kangerlussuaq every week. Cheap air tickets are also offered from time to time.
Places to Stay
You can choose to stay in major cities near Nuuk such as Kangerluarsunnguaq, Kapisillit, Iqaluit, Reykjavík (in Iceland), and Qooqqut. Greenland is a place that offers more of budget stays and very few luxury hotels. Guesthouses, camps, hostels, vacation rentals, eco lodges, and B&Bs (Bed and Breakfasts) are some of the best options for travelers with a limited budget in mind.
The capital city of Nuuk offers some spectacular attractions like the Nuuk Art Museum, Nuuk Cathedral, Greenland National Museum and Archives, Katuaq Cultural Centre, and Qornok Island. Nuuk is also popular for the Nuuk Snow Festival and the grandeur of Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis), which cannot be missed. Kangerlussuaq, Qaqortoq, and Ittoqqortoormiit areas offer spectacular views of the Northern Lights.
Visit llulissat Ice-fjord, a section of the Disko Bay’s coast, that has a dense concentration of bergs. Witnessing the icebergs break down from the majestic glaciers (glacier calving) into the sea, is truly a treat to the eyes. Sermermiut Eskimo Settlement, Uunartoq Hot Springs, Tasiilaq - East Greenland, and Viking Ruins are the other must-see attractions in Greenland.
Shopping in Greenland
Before you leave Greenland, shop for some amazing souvenirs like reindeer horn, polished baleen of whales, muskox wool, and soapstone. They can be used as memorabilia that will help you preserve the memories of Greenland, close to your heart. Other stunning souvenirs include carvings of seals, polar bears, and whales; tupilaks (ritualistic figures), and ulu (knives used for fishing and hunting).
Greenland’s cuisine largely comprises fish, marine mammals, and wild animals and birds. This is because these fat and protein-rich foods keep the Greenlanders nourished during the harsh winters.
Suaasat is the national dish of Greenland. It is a traditional soup made from reindeer, seabirds, whales or seal, with potatoes, onions, pepper, salt, and bay leaves as additional ingredients. Relish the strongest drink of Greenland, the Greenlandic coffee, made from Kahlua, Grand Marnier, and whiskey.
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