Cairo and the areas around it have one of the most ancient recorded histories of mankind. Settlements near Cairo date as far back as 6000 BC. The current city of Cairo is established around the ancient city of Memphis. The Romans were always looking to get into this area during the rule of the Pharaohs due to its strategic importance and had built a fortress town here to guard the Nile delta. Byzantine influences can also be seen in the city due to the Coptic Churches built within it.
However, the modern foundations were put in place after the 7th and 8th century C.E. with the Arab conquest of the region and following the spread of Islam to Egypt as well as North Africa. The Fatimid dynasty expanded its borders into Egypt, and it was General Jawhar al-Siqilli who built a new fortress city close to the existing city of Fustat which was built by earlier Islamic rulers. Cairo went from the Fatimids to many other dynasties such as the Mamluks, the Ottomans, and finally the Mohammad Ali dynasty. It was the Mohammed Ali dynasty which was responsible for the modernization of Egypt and after their fall, Cairo and Egypt became a British protectorate from whom they achieved independence in 1922.
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Theme of Cairo[Cultural, Heritage, Historic]
You'll love Cairo for[Egyptian Museums, Pyramids, Hanging Church and Nightlife]