The history of Madrid dates back to the 9th century, when Muhammad I of Cordoba built a castle, alongside River Manzanares. The Moors named the area Al-Majrit (‘source of water’), from which originated the name Majerit, later pronounced as Madrid. The advent of Alfonso VI of Leon saw the decline of the Moors in 1085 and the reconstruction of mosques into churches. In 1329, Ferdinand IV of Castile grouped the Cortes Generales, who went on to become the precursors of the modern day Spanish parliament. Leo VI of Armenia was named the Lord of Madrid in 1383 and was later succeeded by Henry III of Castile, who rebuilt the burnt city of Madrid and controlled it till the death of King Henry IV of England. The dispute of succession by the kingdom of Aragon led to the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella and the first phase of modern Spain. Philip II, the son of Charles I of Spain, shifted his court from Seville to Madrid in 1561, making it the de facto capital of Spain. The city saw much unrest during the 19th century, with the onset of the two Wars of Independence, the First and Second Spanish Republic and the Spanish Civil War. In the 1960s Madrid experienced a massive industrial revolution, with migrations from rural areas into the city, which made the base for the active cultural and political life of the city. Madrid was devastated yet again on March 11, 2008, when it witnessed terrorist attacks. Fortunately, it overpowered the shock and continued its growth and development at a rapid pace.
Take a Look
Now that Game Of Thrones Season 8 is here. We bring you a quick recap on the hottest locations of the previous Game of Thrones series.
When you are planning your next family holiday to Australia, be sure that you give Queensland a thought.
Tucked away in a tranquil setting, these luxury resorts offer privacy which luxury travellers often seek.
Holiday Offers and Discounts
Frequently Asked Questions